1. Get ready
Thanks to enormous technological advancements in digital cams, the barrier to entry for wildlife photography has actually become considerably lower.
To obtain started, invest in a decent DSLR (believe Nikon D3300) with an entry-level telephoto lens (around 300mm). Bridge cameras work too, however the light level of sensitivity that a DSLR offers you can make a huge distinction. If you’re feeling creative, purchase a wide angle (anything under 35mm) to flaunt the stunning setting you’re shooting in.
2. Strategy ahead and do your research
Scout out your intended shooting areas prior to you want to begin taking photos. Study how the light of daybreak or sundown modifications the environment, discover dens or roosting sites and, naturally, witness the behaviour of your subjects.
Wildlife is naturally unforeseeable, which is amazing however in some cases discouraging. Choose a species you want to photo and do your research. When are they most active? Where do they live? Exactly what do they eat? How do they react to a human existence?
Understanding the natural behaviours of your topic will not only bring much better sightings but eventually, enable you to show their character in your photography.
3. Get low
When establishing– whether on the forest floor in Finland or on the heaths of Scotland’s Highlands– you’ll want to get as low as physically possible. Practically, you’re far less noticeable to the animal. Photographically, the image will be much more effective.
Being at eye level allows for a stronger emotional bond in between the subject and the audience. You desire a viewer to feel part of the environment that your subject lives in.
4. Usage light to your advantage
As with all photography, lighting is everything. For wildlife photography, there are three basic categories: backlighting/rim light, standard lighting (direct on topic) and silhouetting.
To choose your technique, consider both the kind of light and character of the animal. If you’re photographing a fox in the spring time, for example, you may wish to consider how the dawn light has fun with the dew on lawn.
5. Frame it right
The best framing separates the excellent from the great. With long focal lengths, even a slight shuffle to the left or right could change the image completely, so do not simply snap away without believing.
That’s not to say you shouldn’t take a photo if the frame isn’t really perfect, though: if you’re in the middle of photographing your subject and it all of a sudden moves, remember that a little off-framing is better than an image without any animal at all.
6. Tell a story
Light, framing and backgrounds all come together to tell a story around the topic. The very best wildlife photography constantly creates intrigue in the audience and provides an understanding of behaviour and environment. Consider how the background of your shot matches the animal.
Hares in long lawn; little owls resting on a post with a forested background; leopards lounging in trees: whilst the eye is naturally drawn to the topic, it’s important the entire scene narrates.
7. Be persistent
Wildlife photography is one of the hardest mediums of all. You require excellent light, fascinating landscapes, ideal climate condition, and an animal– and, of course, for said animal to be doing something interesting.
The truth is that most getaways will not meet the lofty expectations that you set for yourself– with a lot of variables, the odds are constantly versus you. Nevertheless, determination and a real passion for wildlife are crucial, when it does come off, there’s no better sensation in photography.
8. Love the experience
Seeing dawns above the horizon, painting the trees with golden light. Wildlife photography is the perfect excuse to delight in nature’s biggest marvels.